Diabetes: A Large Global Catastrophe in Perspective
Former Chief Medical Officer of the Hospital Ibn Sina, President of the Moroccan League for the Fight against Diabetes, Morocco.
Prof. Jamal Belkhadir,
Former Chief Medical Officer of the Hospital Ibn Sina,
President of the Moroccan League for the Fight against Diabetes,
Article Type: Editorial
Received: September 25, 2015; Published: September 28, 2015
Citation: Belkhadir J (2015) Diabetes: A Large Global Catastrophe in Perspective . Int J Diabetol Vasc Dis Res, 3(3e) 1. doi: dx.doi.org/10.19070/2328-353X-15000010e
Copyright: Belkhadir J© 2015. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Diabetes, obesity with their cardiovascular consequences are now a worldwide epidemic with medical, social and economic devastating and unprecedented consequences.
These diseases are no longer limited to "rich countries", and are now a growing public health problem in developing countries; where the "Western" dietary pattern spreads and often replaces the traditional and healthy food.
To this must be added the profound changes associated with rapid urbanization, changes in social, family and technological advances and comfort. The role of the food industry is highly present in a consumer society living under the influence and pressure of advertising.
Between 1960 and today, barely two generations, the Moroccan food, Maghreb countries and the MENA region has been completely transformed. This phenomenon can be explained by the profound social and economic changes that led to an upheaval in lifestyle during this same period.
Indeed, the transition to an abundant supply towards refined foods and sweet, animal foods and fats plays a major role in the current epidemic of obesity, diabetes and cardiovascular diseases, among other non-communicable diseases.
According to figures from the International Diabetes Federation, the number of people with diabetes now exceeds 382 million and will reach 595 million in less than 25 years.
About obesity, 1.4 billion people aged 20 and over are overweight. About 3.4 million adults die each year. In addition, 44% of the burden of diabetes, 23% of the burden of ischemic heart disease and 7% to 41% of the burden of certain cancers are attributable to overweight and obesity. Overall, more than one in ten adults worldwide are obese.
To this must be added the new danger of childhood obesity. About 40 million children under 5 were overweight in 2012. Once considered a problem only in high income countries, overweight and obesity are increasing dramatically in low-and middle-income, primarily in urban environment. In developing countries and emerging economies, the prevalence of overweight and obesity in preschoolers is over 30%.
In Morocco, diabetes is steadily increasing and it is estimated that the number of diabetics to be more than 1.8 million. Similarly, the number of overweight or obese is increasing, and is well beyond the 3 million Moroccans.
If nothing is done, these new scourges with complications threaten to absorb the benefits of economic progress worldwide. Government budgets across the planet will face immense pressure from the care of people with diabetes, resulting in the payment of disability pensions, compensation, medical and social services costs, and income. In addition, private health insurance and employers will face the rising costs of treating more and more people with diabetes.
Faced with this dramatic picture, can we hope to reverse the situation and fight effectively against this new national and global epidemic?
Yes, according to the International Diabetes Federation and WHO, a healthy lifestyle is the cornerstone of this strategy. Indeed, changes in lifestyle, such as healthy eating and physical activity are effective in delaying and, in many cases, prevent the onset of Type 2 diabetes and reduce the risk of complications for patients. It is estimated that by monitoring the weight of adults, could be reduced by at least 50% the number of diabetes cases.
To achieve this goal in our country, changes in individual and collective behavior have to be made quickly! The whole society must be involved and feel concerned. First, health professionals but also policy makers and the private sector must make an effort to reduce the overall risk rate in the population. To do this, the promotion and implementation of environmental measures (in the areas of health, transport, agriculture, finance, etc.) that encourage a healthy lifestyle from childhood are indispensable. All this must be done in close liaison with the ongoing actions and seek to develop an integrated model that takes into account the Moroccan authenticity but also challenges and risks of globalization. Let us work together to fight against this epidemic that truly represents with the other NCDs the challenge of the 21st century.